Did you know that a soccer ball can cause blunt injury to the eye? Damage to the outer retinal layers caused by shock waves is called commotio retinae or berlin’s edema. A sheenlike retinal whitening appears some hours following injury. Several mechanisms for the retinal opacification have been proposed, including extracellular edema, glial swelling, and photoreceptor outer segment disruption. Significant visual acuity and peripheral vision loss can occur. There is some risk for retinal tears and detachment. But fortunately, in most cases, prognosis for visual recovery is good, as the condition clears in 3–4 weeks.
Wear safety glasses for all ball sports, like tennis, basketball, baseball, soccer, and racquet-ball!