Dry Macular Degeneration

Dry macular degeneration is a common eye disorder among people over 65. It causes blurred vision, due to disruption of the pigmented layers in your macula.   The macula is the part of the retina responsible for your central vision. Prevention and early detection may delay vision loss due to dry macular degeneration.  I recommend gettingContinue reading “Dry Macular Degeneration”

Confluent Drusen in Macular Degeneration

Small, yellowish deposits known as drusen, can have discrete or indistinct margins.    Macular degeneration can be classified according to the number and size of drusen, amount of geographic atrophy, and pigmentary changes.    This patient has dry macular degeneration, which is being carefully monitored with photos, as well as daily Lutein supplements.

An unusual spot

The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is the pigmented cell layer just outside the neurosensory retina that nourishes retinal visual cells, and is attached to the choroid beneath and the retina above.   The 7 functions of the RPE are:    1.   light absorption essential   2.   epithelial transport   3.   spatial buffering of ions.   4.  visual cycle.  Continue reading “An unusual spot”

Macular Degeneration

As you get older, did you know that age related macular degeneration (ARMD) can have a significant impact on your vision?    Symptoms of macular degeneration include:   Blurred vision Distorted near vision Blind spots in your central vision Straight lines will appear wavy. The hallmark findings in nonexudative ARMD are drusen, RPE (pigment) changes, and geographicContinue reading “Macular Degeneration”

Yellow spots in the eye

Drusen are tiny yellow deposits in a layer of the retina called Bruchs membrane. They are the most common early sign of dry macular degeneration. Drusen are made up of lipids, a type of fatty protein, which may be the result of a failure of the eye to dispose of waste products properly. There are severalContinue reading “Yellow spots in the eye”

How to Prevent Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness among Americans who are age 65 and older.  Here are some steps you can take to prevent vision loss from macular degeneration. Here are steps you can take to prevent or slow the progression of AMD: Eat plenty of dark, leafy green vegetables, such as raw spinach.Continue reading “How to Prevent Macular Degeneration”

Preserving Vision with Age

As the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) of the eye gets older, a number of changes happen in your eye: 1. Loss of melanin 2. More lipofuscin in the RPE layer. Lipofuscin are chemical by-products. 3. More drusen, which are yellow, lipid deposits, between the RPE and the choroid (the layer of blood vessels that supplyContinue reading “Preserving Vision with Age”

Smoking is a Risk Factor for Macular Disease

Drusen are yellow, lipid deposits in the retina.    These usually appear in age related macular degeneration, but sometimes they appear in persons must younger.    In the case below, a young male in his 30’s with 20/25 visual acuity in both eyes.  It is important to closely monitor this condition for bleeding in the choroid (whichContinue reading “Smoking is a Risk Factor for Macular Disease”